Some theorists add "meaningful work" or "calling" as important ingredients of well-being. Hedonists and utilitarian theorists consider "pleasure" and "avoidance of pain" as the main ingredients of well-being. Others believe that several basic conditions are necessary for well-being, such as health and good relationships. There would be different perspectives for different individuals.
The United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution 65/309 entitled "Happiness: towards a holistic approach to development", conscious that the pursuit of happiness was a fundamental human goal, recognized that the gross domestic product (GDP) indicator was not designed to and did not adequately reflect the happiness and well-being of people.
Consequently, the Assembly invited Member States to pursue the elaboration of additional measures that better captured the importance of the pursuit of happiness and well-being in development, with a view to guiding their public policies.
According to World happiness report of 2016, the Ranking of Happiness 2013-2015 (Part 1) was made. In the list Denmark was in first position followed by Switzerland, Iceland, Norway, Finland, Canada, Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, Sweden.
India was placed 118 in the report. There were different indicators to choose happiness amongst many nations. Like many other days in the world, a day has been selected for happiness too. The General Assembly of the United Nations in its resolution 66/281 of 12 July 2012 proclaimed 20 March the International Day of Happiness recognizing the relevance of happiness and well-being as universal goals and aspirations in the lives of human beings around the world and the importance of their recognition in public policy objectives.
Now, we might be thinking what is the International Day of Happiness? Well, in simple, it's a day to be happy, of course! Since 2013, the United Nations has celebrated the International Day of Happiness as a way to recognise the importance of happiness in the lives of people around the world.
Speaking at the High Level Meeting on "Happiness and Well-Being: Defining a New Economic Paradigm" convened during the sixty-sixth session of the General Assembly, former Secretary General of United Nations, Ban Ki-moon stated that the world "needs a new economic paradigm that recognizes the parity between the three pillars of sustainable development. Social, economic and environmental well-being are indivisible."
The meeting was convened at an initiative of Bhutan, a country which recognized the supremacy of national happiness over national income since the early 1970s and famously adopted the goal of Gross National Happiness over Gross National Product.
In spite of progress in the science and technology, there are many problems for which people are searching for happiness. There cannot be happiness when there is poverty or hunger in the society. We have to think beyond economy and look for happiness and it's a challenge for each and every one of us who want to be happy and keep others happy.
We have to work together to bring positive social transformation in the society which should lead to happiness. Together we can make a difference and let us take up our responsibility and bring happiness for us and for everyone else.
(With inputs from UN publication)
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