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World celebrates International Day of Non-Violence to underscore rejection of physical violence for social and political change
Across the world, the UN-established International Day of Non-Violence (IDNV) is being observed on October 2, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, to spread the message of peace and non-violence.

It was on June 15 in 2007 that the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish 2 October as the International Day of Non-Violence to 'disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness'.

The UN has defined the principle of non-violence or non-violent resistance as the tenet that 'rejects the use of physical violence in order to achieve social or political change'.

"Often described as 'the politics of ordinary people', this form of social struggle (non-violent resistance) has been adopted by mass populations all over the world in campaigns for social justice," states the UN.

Professor Gene Sharp, a leading scholar on non-violent resistance says, "Nonviolent action is a technique by which people who reject passivity and submission, and who see struggle as essential, can wage their conflict without violence. Nonviolent action is not an attempt to avoid or ignore conflict. It is one response to the problem of how to act effectively in politics, especially how to wield powers effectively."

"There are three main categories of non-violence action: protest and persuasion, including marches and vigils; non-cooperation; and non-violent intervention, such as blockades and occupations," holds the UN.

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